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With the full replacement of LED lights, the United Nations will completely eliminate incandescent lamps?


The traditional incandescent light bulb invented by Edison has provided people with light since 1880. At that time, the lighting efficiency was superior to traditional oil lamps and candles. However, incandescent light bulbs are now one of the worst lighting tools for human energy efficiency. Incandescent light bulbs consume more than 5 times the power of traditional fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs), but their life span is one third to one sixth of that of fluorescent light bulbs. When incandescent light bulbs become more popular, incandescent light bulbs become more popular. It becomes a thorn in the energy-saving campaign.

Under the trend of energy saving and carbon reduction, many countries have long stipulated that the incandescent light bulbs be banned. Including Taiwan, it was also announced in 2008 that five years were required to replace incandescent bulbs. Incandescent light bulbs have been banned from selling in various countries and have been banned for the past 10 years. Global sales dropped from 12 billion to 2 billion, but many developing countries still sell and use incandescent bulbs. Today, the United Nations decided not to let incandescent bulbs linger, and plans to assist developing countries in introducing lighting energy efficiency. Regulate and completely eliminate the final incandescent bulb.

In the United States, the new lighting energy efficiency regulations will take effect from 2020. The lamp's lighting efficiency must be more than 45 lumens per watt. Under this standard, only fluorescent light-saving light bulbs and more energy-efficient LED light bulbs can cross the borders. Incandescent light bulbs will Prohibited; Europe, which has long disregarded incandescent bulbs, will further phase out halogen bulbs from September 2018 onwards. However, in the developing countries, most of them have no relevant regulations, and although LED bulbs and energy-saving light bulbs are more economical for long-term use, consumers in developing countries do not have the concept of total cost of use. They only use incandescent lamps. The bulb itself is cheaper to buy incandescent bulbs.

To address this energy waste issue, at the Energy Efficiency Global Forum in Copenhagen at the end of May 2018, the United Energy Program (U4E) and the non-profit organization Natural Resources Defense Committee (Natural Resources Defense) The Council, NDRC) and Signify have jointly introduced a modular specification for energy efficiency in lighting, hoping to help the world use faster and more efficient lighting.

The guidelines provide developing countries interested in adopting relevant regulations, as long as “clipping” can be easily legislated, if you plan to eliminate incandescent bulbs, halogen bulbs, and fluorescent energy-saving light bulbs at one go, and directly replace the most energy-efficient LED bulbs nationwide. Option A may be selected. If you intend to be more progressive, first replace incandescent and halogen light bulbs, but keep fluorescent light-saving bulbs for the time being, but for countries that encourage LED bulbs, choose Option B (Option B). ). (United for Efficiency, U4E) plans to encourage countries to choose the A option as much as possible to create maximum energy efficiency and avoid the mercury pollution of fluorescent light bulbs.

At present, the guidelines issued by the plan are only guidelines for standard lighting fixtures. In the future, they will gradually expand to street lamps, office lighting, industrial lighting, and other lighting fields. The Natural Resources Guardian Council believes that if countries currently lack relevant regulations for energy efficiency in lighting, they can adopt this guideline and will be able to save $18 billion in electricity bills each year and reduce 160 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

As long as incandescent light bulbs are still legally sold in developing countries, global manufacturers will continue to produce and export them to developing countries. Many non-profit organizations have found that incandescent light bulbs are still widely used in developing countries. However, due to rapid population growth in developing countries, electricity supply is also becoming more and more popular. If we do not hurry to regulate, we will increase the use of a large number of incandescent light bulbs, resulting in a surge in electricity use. We must build new power plants, which is a big issue for developing countries. Burden, while developing countries often choose to use coal to generate electricity, which is a huge loss for the global environment. The United Nations hopes to take this plan to assist developing countries in reducing energy consumption in the surge.

(United for Efficiency, U4E) plans not only for incandescent light bulbs, the next goal is to make similar regulations for air conditioners, because it is expected that the global air-conditioning power consumption will be doubled by 2050, and air conditioners are originally more power-hungry than lighting, so they are improved. Air-conditioning energy efficiency is also an urgent task.

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